Brief of Phoenix Hill
West Lake is surrounded by hills on three sides, and Phoenix Hill is one of them. Located southeast of Hangzhou, Phoenix has Qiantang River in its South, West Lake in its north and Jade Emperor Hill right next to it. It was named Phoenix Hill because it’s shaped like a phoenix about to fly. On this 157-meter-high hill, there are a large number of odd-shaped rocks, the best known of which is Moon Rock for enjoying a full moon.
Phoenix Hill was of great historical importance. Back in the Sui Dynasty (581–618), it was made the seat of the city government, and in 907, it became the capital seat of Wuyue Kingdom. During the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279), an imperial city was built on the hill. The city covered an area of over 20 square kilometers, containing 30 palaces, 33 halls, 26 storied pavilions, 7 towers, 6 terraces, and 90 pavilions. In the city was even constructed a man-made “small West Lake” surrounded by the willow-trees-lined embankment. At the turn of the Song and Yuan Dynasties, these palaces were rebuilt into temples which were destroyed by fire during the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368). Right now there are still ruins of Baoguo Temple and Phoenix Pool etc on the hill.
In addition, the famous Wansong Academy where Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai studied is on the hill as well. Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai are main characters of the famous Chinese folklore — Butterfly Lovers, a equivalent of Romeo and Juliet.